In the poker game of Texas hold 'em, a starting hand consists of two hole cards, which belong solely to the player and remain hidden from the other players. Five community cards are also dealt into play. Betting begins before any of the community cards are exposed, and continues throughout the hand. The player's 'playing hand', which will be compared against that of each competing player, is the best 5-card poker hand available from his two hole cards and the five community cards. Unless otherwise specified, here the term hand applies to the player's two hole cards, or starting hand.
Preflop Poker Hands and Position. Position is everything in texas hold'em. It is definitely the most important aspect of the game. The importance of position in hold'em cannot be emphasized enough. You must play very tight poker in early position, but you should loosen way up as you get closer to the button. Official Poker Hand Rankings Know your poker hand order. A poker hand consists of five cards, which fall into several categories. Below is the complete list of poker hands, from highest to lowest. Please note that Short Deck hand rankings are slightly different, and can be found here.
There are 1326 distinct possible combinations of two hole cards from a standard 52-card deck in hold 'em, but since suits have no relative value in this poker variant, many of these hands are identical in value before the flop. For example, A♥J♥ and A♠J♠ are identical in value, because each is a hand consisting of an ace and a jack of the same suit.
Free spins casino no deposit bonus codes 2019. Therefore, there are 169 non-equivalent starting hands in hold 'em, which is the sum total of : 13 pocket pairs, 13 × 12 / 2 = 78 suited hands and 78 unsuited hands (13 + 78 + 78 = 169).
These 169 hands are not equally likely. Hold 'em hands are sometimes classified as having one of three 'shapes':
An alternative means of making this calculation
First Step As confirmed above.
There are 2652 possible combination of opening hand.
There are 6 different combos of each pair. 9h9c, 9h9s, 9h9d, 9c9s, 9c9d, 9d9s
To calculate the odds of being dealt a pair
2652 (possible opening hands) divided by 12 (the number of any particular pair being dealt. As above)
2652/12 = 221
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It is typical to abbreviate suited hands in hold 'em by affixing an 's' to the hand, as well as to abbreviate non-suited hands with an 'o' (for offsuit). That is,
There are 25 starting hands with a probability of winning at a 10-handed table of greater than 1/7.
Some notable theorists and players have created systems to rank the value of starting hands in limit Texas hold'em. These rankings do not apply to no limit play.
David Sklansky and Mason Malmuth assigned in 1999 each hand to a group, and proposed all hands in the group could normally be played similarly. Stronger starting hands are identified by a lower number. Hands without a number are the weakest starting hands. As a general rule, books on Texas hold'em present hand strengths starting with the assumption of a nine or ten person table. The table below illustrates the concept:
The 'Chen Formula' is a way to compute the 'power ratings' of starting hands that was originally developed by Bill Chen.
Phil Hellmuth's 'Play Poker Like the Pros' book published in 2003.
|1||AA, KK, AKs, QQ, AK||Top 12 Hands|
|2||JJ, TT, 99|
|3||88, 77, AQs, AQ|
|4||66, 55, 44, 33, 22, AJs, ATs, A9s, A8s||Majority Play Hands|
|5||A7s, A6s, A5s, A4s, A3s, A2s, KQs, KQ|
|6||QJs, JTs, T9s, 98s, 87s, 76s, 65s||Suited Connectors|
Statistics based on real play with their associated actual value in real bets.
|1||AA, KK, QQ, JJ, AKs||2.32 - 0.78|
|2||AQs, TT, AK, AJs, KQs, 99||0.59 - 0.38|
|3||ATs, AQ, KJs, 88, KTs, QJs||0.32 - 0.20|
|4||A9s, AJ, QTs, KQ, 77, JTs||0.19 - 0.15|
|5||A8s, K9s, AT, A5s, A7s||0.10 - 0.08|
|6||KJ, 66, T9s, A4s, Q9s||0.08 - 0.05|
|7||J9s, QJ, A6s, 55, A3s, K8s, KT||0.04 - 0.01|
|8||98s, T8s, K7s, A2s||0.00|
|9||87s, QT, Q8s, 44, A9, J8s, 76s, JT||(-) 0.02 - 0.03|
In poker communities, it is common for hole cards to be given nicknames. While most combinations have a nickname, stronger handed nicknames are generally more recognized, the most notable probably being the 'Big Slick' - Ace and King of the same suit, although an Ace-King of any suit combination is less occasionally referred to as an Anna Kournikova, derived from the initials AK and because it 'looks really good but rarely wins.' Hands can be named according to their shapes (e.g., paired aces look like 'rockets', paired jacks look like 'fish hooks'); a historic event (e.g., A's and 8's - dead man's hand, representing the hand held by Wild Bill Hickok when he was fatally shot in the back by Jack McCall in 1876); many other reasons like animal names, alliteration and rhyming are also used in nicknames.